Decrease in employees on short-term stays
In the fourth quarter of 2009, 74,654 wage earners were staying in Norway short-term; a decrease of 5,773 (7.2 per cent) from the fourth quarter of 2008. The biggest decrease came among people from the EU states in Eastern Europe.
People who work in Norway for less than six months are defined as being on short-term stays and thus not registered as residents in the population register. However, only some of the immigrants that work in Norway stay here short-term. In addition, there was an increase of 10,000 employee immigrants registered as resident from the fourth quarter of 2008 to the fourth quarter of 2009. The total immigration growth last year was therefore 4,300 persons.
Strongest decrease from EU states in Eastern Europe
About 30,500 short-term immigrants came from the Nordic countries in the fourth quarter of 2009, while more than 25,000 came from the EU states in Eastern Europe. About 75 per cent of the short-term immigrants came from these countries.
Short-term immigrants from the EU states in Eastern Europe had the strongest decrease, with 4,200 persons (14 per cent), from the fourth quarter of 2008 to the fourth quarter of 2009. But if we take into account that there was an increase of 5,000 immigrants registered as resident from these countries from the fourth quarter of 2008 to the fourth quarter of 2009, the total growth was 1,000 persons.
Distribution by industry
Short-term immigrants mostly work in the manufacturing industry (18 per cent) and the provision of personnel (18 per cent), but a large share also work in construction (15 per cent).
Employees from the Nordic countries or the EU states in Eastern Europe mainly work in the provision of personnel (24 and 25 per cent respectively) and construction (20 and 22 per cent respectively). A lot of short-term immigrants from EU states in Eastern Europe also work in the manufacturing industry (21 per cent). The dominating industry for short-term immigrants from Western Europe was mining and quarrying (17 per cent).
More short-term immigrants during the whole year
The figures above are based on a reference week in November, but figures with the whole year as the reference period are also produced, for instance in order to include seasonal workers. The number of short-term immigrants then increased from 75,000 to 135,000. These and more figures can be found in the StatBank.
A total of 2,900 new self-employed persons worked in Norway in 2009. These are also not registered as self-employed persons in 2008, but have been registered as self employed during 2009. Compared with 2008, there is no change in new self-employed persons.
Most new self-employed persons came from the EU states in Eastern Europe. New self-employed persons mainly work in construction.
Self-employed persons have until now not been included in the statistics. It is not possible to give figures on how many self-employed persons work in Norway. However, we can provide figures on new self-employed persons in a specific year.
Revised figures for the fourth quarter of 2008
The figures for the fourth quarter for 2008, published in June 2009, are revised. The number of short-term immigrants therefore increased by 3,117 persons (4 per cent) in the fourth quarter of 2008.
Source: Statistics Norway