2021 one of the seven warmest years on record

World Meteorological Organization releases new climate findings

global warming

Photo: PxHere / Creative Commons

MARIT FOSSE
Geneva

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) announced in Geneva that the year 2021 was one of the seven warmest years on record. Although average global temperatures were temporarily cooled by the 2020-2022 La Niña events, 2021 was still one of the seven warmest years on record, according to six leading international datasets consolidated by the WMO. Global warming and other longterm climate change trends are expected to continue as a result of record levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

The average global temperature in 2021 was about 1.11° C (± 0.13) above the pre-industrial (1850-1900) levels. 2021 is the seventth consecutive year (2015-2021) in whic global temperature has been over 1° C above pre-industrial levels, according to all datasets compiled by WMO.

WMO uses six international datasets to ensure the most comprehensive, authoritative temperature assessment. The same data are used in its annual State of the Climate reports which inform the international community on global climate indicators.

The rankings of individual years should be considered in the long-term context, especially since the differences between individual years are sometimes marginal. Since the 1980s, each decade has been warmer than the previous one. This is expected to continue.

The warmest seven years have all been since 2015, with 2016, 2019 and 2020 constituting the top three. An exceptionally strong El Niño event occurred in 2016, which contributed to record global average warming.

“Back-to-back La Niña events mean that 2021 warming was relatively less pronounced compared to recent years. Even so, 2021 was still warmer than previous years influenced by La Niña. The overall long-term warming as a result of greenhouse gas increases is now far larger than the year-to-year variability in global average temperatures caused by naturally occurring climate drivers, “explained WMO Secretary-General, Prof. Petteri Taalas.

“Climate change impacts and weather-related hazards had life-changing and devastating impacts on communities on every single continent,” Prof. Taalas added.

Temperature is only one of the indicators of climate change. Others include greenhouse gas concentrations, ocean heat content, ocean pH, global mean sea level, glacial mass and sea ice extent.

Marit Fosse

Marit Fosse trained as an economist from Norwegian school of Economics and Business Administration in Bergen (Norges Handelshøyskole NHH) and then earned a doctorate in social sciences. She is the author of several books. Nansen: Explorer and Humanitarian, co-authored with John Fox, was translated into Russian/Armenian/French. In addition, Fosse is the editor of International Diplomat/Diva International in Geneva, a magazine set up 20 years ago for diplomats and persons working in the international organizations in Geneva but also elsewhere. In her free time, Fosse is an accomplished painter.

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